Diagnosis and treatment

What is prostatitis?

Prostatitis is the inflammation of the prostate with no signs of infection. It can occur in men of all ages.

Types of prostatitis

Acute Bacterial Prostatitis

  • less common
  • comes with severe urinary tract infection and LUTS symptoms
  • need urgent treatment and IV antibiotics
  • can be life-threatening if treatment is delayed

Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis

  • can be due to the current urinary tract infection
  • it is less severe than the acute form
  • may require long-term course of oral antibiotics
  • it may come and go

Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS)

  • most common variant
  • does not have bacteria in the urine
  • patient regularly complain of having dull perineal pain, urinary symptoms and sometime genital pain


Commonly used medication for the treatment include:

  • Antibiotics
  • Anti-Inflammatory and pain medication
  • Alpha Blockers (terazosin, tamsulosin etc)
  • Prostatic Massage

Other modalities of treatment include:

  • Low intensity ESWL
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