A transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) may also be called prostate sonogram or endorectal ultrasound. It is used to look at the prostate and tissues around it. An ultrasound transducer (also called a probe) sends sound waves through the wall of the rectum and into the prostate and surrounding tissue. A computer analyzes the wave patterns (called echoes) as they bounce off the organs and converts them into an image that doctors view on a video screen.
Testicular abscess is usually a complication of severe epididymo-orchitis and needs to be distinguished from other testicular pathology that may present with similar clinical or imaging features.
Pyonephrosis is a term given to an infection of the kidney with pus in the upper collecting system which can progress to obstruction.
Pyonephrosis may be suspected when the clinical symptoms of fever and flank pain are combined with the radiologic evidence of urinary tract obstruction. Debris in the upper collecting system on imaging raises even more suspicion.
An epididymal cyst is a harmless fluid-filled growth on a man’s testicle (testis). They are quite common and don’t usually require treatment. Many men feel them and are concerned they have testicular cancer, but a doctor can usually tell the difference.
The most common surgery used to treat an enlarged prostate is called transurethral resection of the prostate, also called TURP for short. Button TURP, also called bipolar cautery vaporization, is a newer, less invasive variation of the procedure. Instead of a wire loop on the end of the scope, the surgeon uses a device with a small, button-shaped tip to vaporize prostate tissue.
Button TURP uses low-temperature plasma energy, instead of heat or electrical energy, to remove prostate tissue. Once the extra tissue is removed, the area around it is sealed off to prevent bleeding.
Bladder cancer is a common type of cancer that begins in the cells of the bladder. The bladder is a hollow muscular organ in your lower abdomen that stores urine.
Bladder cancer most often begins in the cells (urothelial cells) that line the inside of your bladder. Urothelial cells are also found in your kidneys and the tubes (ureters) that connect the kidneys to the bladder. Urothelial cancer can happen in the kidneys and ureters, too, but it’s much more common in the bladder.
A kidney ultrasound (renal ultrasound) is an imaging test that allows your healthcare provider to look at your right and left kidney, as well as your bladder. The kidneys are the filtration system of your body. They filter the waste products out of your blood. The waste products then leave your body as urine.